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The VirtualOSOCC is a web-based tool to facilitate information exchange and coordination of bilateral assistance in the early disaster phase.

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7.9M Earthquake in Nepal


UPDATE 12 MAY (OSOCC Assessment Cell)

A 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal 12 May, 12:50am local time. The epicentre was located 76km northeast of Kathmandu, in Dolakha district. The earthquake was felt as far as New Dehli, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh (USGS 12/05/2015) The earthquake was followed by several aftershocks; the largest one with a magnitude of 6.3 (GDACS 12/05/2015). 

The initial 7.8 magnitude earthquake on 25 April had an epicentre in Lamjung district, 77km west of Kathmandu. The depth of the 12 May earthquake was 15km. (USGS 12/05/2015) 

According to the Government, 31 out of Nepal’s 75 districts have been affected by the 12 May earthquake (BBC 12/05/2015). Sindhupalchok district, the worst-affected district by the initial earthquake, is expected to be further severely affected, as is Dolakha. Reports are also coming in of injured people and damaged buildings in Sindhuli, Gorkha, Ramechhap, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Lalitpur (Government 12/05/2015). 

As of 12 May 19:00 local time, 57 dead and 1361 injured people have been reported (MNMCC). At 16:00pm local time, 4 people have been reported dead in Chautara, the district municipality of Sindhupalchok. Buildings have been reported damaged in Chautara. Humanitarian agencies are present in Chautara, where a humanitarian hub was established following the initial earthquake. At least 12 people hav been injured in three major landslides in Sindhupalchok (The Hindu 12/05/2015).

Priorities for humanitarian intervention
- Information 
- Search and Rescue. More than 35 national search and rescue team have been deployed. In the Chautara city area Nepal Army, AFP and Police having been assisting in search and rescue efforts. A team of six USAR personnel (MSB) have also undertaken assessments in the immediate vicinity (UNDAC 12/05/2015). US is conducting Search and Rescue in Charikot.
- Access to cut off areas 
- Shelter: tents, tarpaulins 
- Food delivery for newly displaced people 

Weather forecast
The weather before the new earthquake and in the following days is of concern. On 10 May, heavy rain and hail caused significant flooding in and around Chautara, affecting people who lost their homes living in tents (OCHA 11/05/2015). Weather conditions are also aggravating the landslide situation. Reports about new landslides above Namche have already been received (Doctors for Nepal 12/05/2015). People are reportedly trapped in Tatopani, due to landslides (UNDAC 12/05/2014).

Operational Constrains

- It has been reported that the main road from Chautara to Kathmandu has reportedly been closed due to the risk of landslides however people have made the journey from Chautara to Kathmandu using this road since the earthquake.
- Several major landslides have been reported in Sindhupalchok and Dholaka (CNN 12/05/2015, Local sources). Also in Sanjat district landslides have been reported (local sources 12/05/2015).
- Reports of several roads being blocked by landslides.
- The earthquake is expected to further limit access to remote areas.
- Nepal Police is recommending the use of SMS as phone lines are overwhelmed (Nepal Police 12/05/2015).

FMTs that have not yet arrived in Kathmandu are advised to stand down.

The International USAR assistance phase has ended as of Sunday, 3 May 1200hrs, issued by MoHA.

The RDC has closed as of 11:00 on 7 May.

Please find here the UNDAC Contact List:

Kathmandu Airport status: Status:
- The Kathmandu international airport closed immediately following the earthquake, however the airport is now operational (The Hindu 12/05/2015).
- In bound rate has slowed. Slot allocation cut by 50 per cent to allow SAR and Medevac flights. (DHL)

Please see HumanitarianResponse for situational updates from ACAPS and OSOCC amongst other.

ACAPS Briefing Note 25 Apr
USAID Fact Sheet #1 25 Apr
USAID Fact Sheet No. 2
SitRep No. 12, 08 May
CFE-DMHA Disaster Information Report #17
SitRep No. 13, 11 May

Situation reports
CASS 24hrs Situation Analysis 25 Apr
SitRep No1- 25April2015
SitRep No2- 26April2015
Sphere India SitRep 3- 26April
SitRep No3- 26April2015
European Commission SitRep No.1 25-26 April
48hrs Situation Analysis CASS 27 Apr
SitRep No.4 - 27 April
ACAPS Briefing note #2 27 Apr
SitRep No.5- 28 April
SitRep No.6- 29 April
USAID Fact Sheet #4 29 Apr
ECHO Crisis Flash No 4
USAID Fact Sheet #3 29 Apr
USAID Nepal Earthquake Map, 29 April
ACAPS Briefing Note #4 30 Apr
CFE-DMHA Info Report 29 Apr
SitRep No.7 30 Apr
CFE-DMHA Disaster Info Report #6 30 Apr
ECHO Civil Protection Message #2, 1 May
SitRep No 8-1 May
SitRep #9 02 May
MNMCC report 30 Apr
HuMOCC Meeting - 3 May 2015.pdf
UN-CMCoord Presentation- MNMCC- 4 May 2015.pdf
USAID Factsheet No.7 03 May
ECHO Crisis Flash No.9 03 May
OCHA SitRep 10
JTF 505 Nepal Earthquake INFOSUM, 4 May
CFE-DMHA Disaster Information Report #11, 5 May
SitRep, 5 May, ACAPS-OSOCC
OCHA SitRep 11, 6 May
USAID-DCHA Nepal Earthquake Fact Sheet #9, 6 May
Nepal_FMDA_070515, 7 May
FMT Snapshot 30 April
MNMCC Update 10 May 2015.pdf
CFE-DMHA Disaster Information Report #15
OCHA Flash Update on Nepal Earthquake, 12 May 2015
OSOCC Situation Analysis, 12 May
CFE-DMHA Disaster Information Report #18
CFE-DMHA Disaster Information Report #10 04 May 
SitRep No. 11 supplement 06 May 
EC Map 25-26 Apr
Nepal EQ Severity Index Version 2, 27 April
USAID Fact Sheet Map 27 Apr
USAR Snapshot, as of 1 May
Kathmandu, Pokhara, Bharatpur and Bidur Reference Maps 
Map of the damaged building in Kirtipur 
Foreign Military and Civil Protection Status caa 060515 0800hrs.pdf
Lessons Learned
ACAPS Lessons Learned Nepal Response 26 Apr
Meeting Reports
HuMOCC Meeting - 5 May 2015.pdf
HuMOCC Meeting Minutes (9-10 May).pdf


Read more: 7.9M Earthquake in Nepal


Ebola response

Situation overview (last update: 8-October-2014 21:43 by Francesco Frezzetti (UNOCHA))


An Ebola outbreak has hit 5 countries in the West African Region, severely affecting three countries in particular: Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. Liberia is, so far, the most affected of the three. 
5 Oct: Regional cases/deaths: 8033/3879; HCW Cases/Deaths: 401/232. (WHO, 8 Oct)

Media Sources Report that 8 of the healthcare workers that have been kidnapped have been found dead (huffington post)

Media sources report of another attack to a Red Cross burial team in Guinea.

A study reports that the mortality rate of Ebola in this outbreak is closer to 70%, differently from previous estimates that reported it to be about 55% (Lancet)

New quarantine restrictions have commenced around the country. Port Loko, Bombali and Moyamba Districts are under immediate isolation (internationalSOS)

A case has been confirmed in the U.S. and one in Spain (various media sources)

6 Oct: After the case of the French HCW, another MSF worker, this time Norwegian, resulted infected by Ebola (InternationalSOS)

7 Oct: A case of Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever has been confirmed in Uganda. Marburg virus is similar to Ebola, but the two situations are not related (InterationalSOS)

Children whose parents died from Ebola, but that were spared by the disease, face a huge stigma because of the fear of contagion. This leaves them exposed to hunger and other diseases (AFP).

Large number of burial teams have gone on strike in Sierra Leone resulting in bodies being left on the streets of Freetown and West Point and increasing risk of infection. Action could increase risk of Liberian burial teams taking same action (MoH Sierra Leone)

Government of Liberia requested international assistance in order to stop the outbreak of Ebola that is spreading in the country.

4 Oct: Cases/Death: 3921/2199; HCW cases/deaths: 190/92; Case-Fatality Rate: 62.7% (MoH)

All 15 counties of Liberia are reported to be affected from Ebola (WHO)

Disruption in the healthcare system is making it impossible for children, pregnant women and persons with chronic and acute diseases to receive adequate health services.
A breakdown in vaccinations in causing many children to suffer and die of measles or other preventable diseases. (UNICEF)

Almost all country borders of the most affected countries are closed and only the frontier between Mali and Guinea remains open for trade. This, added to the curfews is having a significant impact on the economies of the affected countries. 

The main ports of the region, especially the ones in the capitals, Freetown, Conakry and Monrovia, are imposing restrictions.

The need for safe burial teams is very high, and the actual burial-teams are overstretched and stressed, because of the high risk given by handling people who died of ebola (IRIN)

28 Sep: Liberia's chief medical authority has placed herself in quarantine following the Ebola death of her deputy (AFP)

8 Sep: It is clear from field reports and first responders that EVD cases are being under-reported from several key locations, and laboratory data that have not yet been integrated into official estimates indicate an increase in the number of new cases in Liberia (WHO)

10 Sep: OCHA, in consultation with the UN Special Representative of the Secretary General for the Ebola response as well as the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Liberia, has decided to deploy an UNDAC team in order to support the Government in the relief efforts, and to coordinate the humanitarian actors on the ground and the inter-cluster mechanism.

The UNDAC team, together with the support teams from IHP and MapAction, arrived in Monrovia the 18th Sep.

Health Cluster Lead is WHO and the Logistics Cluster Lead is WFP. MSF is strongly present on the field ensuring, in its centres, treatment to large numbers of ebola-infected patients.

International Medial Corps deployed on the field in partnership with Plan, and established a treatment unit in Bong county. This ETC started to receive patient the 15 Sep.

Other actual Treating Units:
Foya, Lofa county: Borma Hospital Ebola Treatment Unit (ETU) run by MSF: 40 beds capacity - expansion to 80 ongoing.
Monrovia, Montserrado county: Elwa ETU run by MSF: 120 beds capacity - expansion to 300 ongoing
West Point, Montserrado county: West Point holding unit has been established (InternationalSOS)

There a plans to open a new US CDC- supported laboratory to build diagnostic capabilities. Across the nation, 17 new treatment centres are either planned or under construction, with extensive support from the US military (InternationalSOS)

Cuba and China will send healthcare workers more and support staff to the region (Cubanews)

2000 German volunteers from the German Red Cross (DRK) and the Federal Agency for Technical Relief (THW), will be deployed to set up and run a mobile hospital in Liberia with 300 beds (Deutsche Welle)

UNMEER arrived to Ghana the 28 September and started operations (Government of Ghana)

8 Oct: ChildFund International have opened an Interim Care Centre in Monrovia to house and care for children orphaned by Ebola. The centre has 20 beds and will monitor children during the 21-day quarantine period. Survivors of Ebola will work alongside medical staff to provide support and protection (InternationalSOS)

Please find attached a contact list, useful weblinks, situation reports and further readings.

Contact List
MapAction Cumulative Cases/Pop Density, 23-30 Sep
OCHA Regional Office for West and Central Africa 
Humanitarian Response - West and Central Africa 
InternationalSOS Ebola Situation Update 
Situation reports
WFP Situation Update 30 Sep
LOG Cluster Sitrep 3 Oct
MoHSW Liberia Sitrep 142, 4 Oct
WHO Sitrep, 8 Oct
Background information
Food and Agriculture Org Regional Response Plan EVO
Further reading
FMT International Medical Response
Ebola Outbreak Overview of Needs and Requirements
Ebola Infection Map
MapAction Planned Ebola Treatment Centers 3 Oct
MapAction 3W Map, 5 Oct
MapAction ETU Map, 7 Oct

Read more: Ebola response


Baseline information


Read more: Baseline information




Read more: Situation


Response and Coordination


Read more: Response and Coordination


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